Diabetes is among the top 5 causes of death in developed countries, and it continues to be a formidable health threat to both men and women of all ages. Below are some of the most prevalent signs and symptoms of diabetes in men and women. You will also learn how diabetes can affect a person’s overall health.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Women
Female Sexual Dysfunction
Women may experience any number of sexually related dysfunction such as reduced or non-existent libido, inability to achieve orgasm, painful intercourse due to lack of natural lubrication in t
he vaginal canal, or unexplained sudden loss of interest in sexual intercourse. This is common in
women between the ages of 35 and 50, and can hit even before menopause.
Thrush and Yeast Infection
The vagina requires a delicate PH balance in order to protect itself from fungal as well as other types of infections. Thrush as well as yeast infection can be quite uncomfortable and sometimes even painful depending on the severity of the onset. High sugar levels in the blood can cause glucose to be excreted in urine.
Moderate to Severe Vaginal Itching
Diabetes in women can cause unexplained itching (even without any existing infection).
Gestational Diabetes Symptoms
During pregnancy, female hormones are out of control, which can cause any number of problems, not the least of which is gestational diabetes. While this ailment often does not have any outward symptoms, it can cause increased thirstiness as well as unusual urinary frequency (even before the second trimester). Excessive weight gain has also been associated with gestational diabetes, but has yet to be determined whether it is a cause or effect.
Among the complications that may arise from this diabetes during pregnancy include the following:
- larger than average baby
- high blood pressure
- extended labor
The only way to determine whether a pregnant woman is suffering from gestational diabetes is by measuring blood sugar levels. Preventing this disease is possible by reducing sugar intake during pregnancy. If/when craving for sweets, fruits make for excellent substitute for sugar-filled desserts.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes in Men
Among the earliest signs of diabetes for males include:
- Blurred/blurry vision
- Unusual fatigue (even without significant physical exertion)
- Severe and unexplained weight loss and/or weight gain
- Tingling sensation in the fingertips/lower extremities followed by sudden numbness that lasts for a few seconds to a few minutes
- Frequent urination (urine is excreted not all at once because the bladder is unable to empty itself completely. Can also be caused by an overactive bladder)
- Sores that do not or take too long to heal
- Increased/increasing appetite and/or hunger pangs that can lead to binge eating
Other, more obvious symptoms of diabetes in men are the following:
Lack of sexual appetite
More likely, men who have full blown adult onset diabetes will experience lack of sex drive. Even when they libido level is normal, they might suffer from erectile dysfunction as well as premature ejaculation.
This condition manifests by the release of semen into the bladder, resulting in low semen count.
Preventative Measures Against Diabetes
For Men and Women
Healthy Weight Loss
People who are overweight or obese are at a much higher risk of developing type 2 or adult onset diabetes. The first and most important step to avoid this disease is by reducing body weight to normal levels. This calls for the following changes:
Change in dietary habits
You will have to make better eating choices, especially in terms of avoiding the consumption of too much sugar. Instead of consuming food products that are laden with artificial sweetener, opt for fruits and other natural snacks, instead. Fast food should also be avoided at all costs, as most chains offer nothing but fat and sugar filled foods. It is also helpful to increase intake of dietary fiber, which allows for cleansing the colon and intestines of waste materials that would otherwise get stuck in the digestive tract. Whole grains are also preferable
Increase in physical activity
Many adults live a sedentary life, which is one of the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Increase in physical activity such as exercise and sports allow the body to burn off more calories. Walking is a very good form of exercise and it does not require any sort of equipment. Statistics have shown that people who walk at least 10,000 steps per day are less likely to retain fat in the mid-section, which is common is people with diabetes. Take the stairs whenever you can and walk or ride a bike instead of taking your car every time.
Major Lifestyle Changes
Having a healthy diet is very important. It would also be good to eliminate certain vices such as excessive drinking and cigarette smoking. Men and women who are habitual smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as adults. An even greater risk is to be overweight or obese. This applies to both men and women. It is especially important for those who are 40 years and older.
Older people find it harder to lose weight or start exercising. The body also starts to deteriorate faster. This especially applies to the pancreas, which is responsible for producing and regulating insulin levels.
Submit for Regular Check-ups
Checking your blood sugar levels every few months makes it easier to keep track of whether you are at risk of developing diabetes. If you have a history of diabetes in your family, it becomes necessary to submit for bi-annual or quarterly blood tests. Always monitor your body mass index (BMI) and see if you are within the normal range 18-25 BMI. You might also want to ask your general practitioner some practical tips on how you can reduce your risk.
Knowing some of the common risk factors as well as causes of diabetes would go a long way in avoiding this debilitating disease. Among the known risk factors are as follows:
- Heavy consumption of alcohol
- High blood pressure (if your blood pressure is 140/90 or higher, you are more likely to develop diabetes as well as coronary heart disease)
- Excessive stress levels (elevated levels of stress causes cortisol to increase, which causes retention of fat in several areas of the body.)
Importance of Knowing the Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
It is important that you know the signs and symptoms of diabetes in men and women. When you know you have diabetes you can help you learn to live with it. There are millions of people that have diabetes that don’t know it. If it is not treated, it can lead to extreme health risks. With this knowledge you can watch for diabetes signs and symptoms in yourself and your loved ones. Knowing can extend you and your family’s life.